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IDEAS FOR DOING PROJECT IN WATER RESOURCES AND HYDROPOWER

Groundwater :



Project Idea :
Impact of Climate Change on Groundwater Level in Religious Places

Requirement
:
Hydro-metereological, Future Climate and groundwater level Data, Knowledge about Predictive Groundwater Models.

Justification of the Study
:
A significant characteristic of religious place is uncontrolled extraction of groundwater. During climate change when rainfall and temperature will either increase or decrease,the extraction of groundwater can induce implication on the level of the same. As a result the very extraction of groundwater will be difficult.

Brief Methodology
:
After collecting the relevant data, a model can be prepared to predict the level of groundwater of the religious place. Models like visual groundwater or an entirely new model can be developed by various metaheuristic methods.

Watershed Management :



Project Idea :
Impact of Climate Change on Virtual and Green Water Availability in Arid Regions

Requirement
:
Hydro-metereological, Future Climate and Water Use Data, Knowledge about Predictive Hydrologic Models.

Justification of the Study
:
Virtual Water is the amount of water used in industries as raw material and Green Water is the volume of water utilized in agriculture.The availability of both of them is important for socio-economic development of any region.As arid regions are characterized by water scarcity,such places will be more vulnerable to climate change impacts.As this two type of water use is important fror GDP of any region maintaining a minimum water volume for the said purposes will be important.

Brief Methodology
:
After collecting the relevant data, a model can be prepared to predict the availability of water.Then based on the demand from the agriculture and industrial sector the availability of Virtual and Green Water under climate change can be estimated.Models like HECHMS or an entirely new model can be developed by various metaheuristic methods can be used for the said purpose.

Climate Change:



Project Idea :
Short Term Rainfall forecasting by ANN-MCDM Approach

Requirement
:
Various data of climatic parameters,landuse pattern of the region,cloud type and density for 1 to 5 days before the day of forecast.

Justification of the Study
:
Rainfall can impact the output of many industrial and agricultural processes.Even the energy ouput from the power sector is affected by the climatic parameter.Short term rainfall forecasting is an important concept as it can help the planners of this industry to adjust their input so that the required output will remain unaffected.

Brief Methodology
:
A widescale expert and local survey followed by literature review has to be conducted to identify the parameters which mostly impact the rainfall probability.After the most important parameters are determined MCDM methods like Analytical Hierarchy Process or Fuzzy Decision Making can be applied to determine the relative weightage of importance of the selected parameters.A weight function can be then developed to estimate the probability of rainfall in the next day or day after tomorrow or within the next five days.












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